Varghese T Panicker, Renjith Sreekantan, Nagananda Lokanath
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Objective: We looked for a correlation between the surgically measured mitral valve size and the cardiac dimensions (left ventricle internal diameter, left atrial size, aorta size, and body surface area) measured by preoperative and intraoperative echocardiography. We also assessed to see if we could predict the mitral prosthesis size based on the correlation data obtained.
Methods: The hospital records of 180 patients who underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR) with TTK Chitra valve between January 2008 and December 2012 at our hospital, were studied. The correlation between surgically measured mitral annulus size to left ventricular internal diameter systolic (LVIDS) and diastolic (LVIDD), left atrial size (linear measurement), and aorta size on echocardiography and body surface area was calculated using Pearson correlation coefficient. Mean LVIDS was calculated for each valve prosthesis size separately and the correlation was studied.
Results: The correlation between mitral valve prosthesis size and left ventricular internal diameter (systolic) showed a Pearson coefficient of 3.3 with significance at the level 0.01. Mitral valve size and left atrial size showed a correlation coefficient of 2.7 with significance at the level 0.01. The correlation coefficient for mitral valve size with left ventricular internal diameter diastolic, aorta and body surface area were 2.5, 1.9, and 1.8, respectively. There was a gradual increase in the mean LVIDS with increase in the prosthetic valve size. Box plot and scatter plot showed linear correlation between valve size and mean LVIDS.
Varghese T Panicker
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum - 695 011, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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