Lucrecia M Burgos1, Andreína Gil Ramírez2, Leonardo Seoane3, Juan F Furmento3, Juan P Costabel3, Mirta Diez1, Daniel Navia4
1 Department of Heart Failure, Pulmonary Hypertension and Transplant, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Clinical Cardiology, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Critical Care Cardiology, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
4 Cardiac Surgery, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Background and Aims: Atrial fibrillation frequently occurs in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery, associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality. The scores POAF, CHA2DS2-VASc and HATCH demonstrated a validated ability to predict atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery (AFCS). The objective is to develop and validate a risk score to predict AFCS from the combination of the variables with highest predictive value of POAF, CHA2DS2-VASc and HATCH models.
Methods: We conducted a single-center cohort study, performing a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. The study included consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery in 2010-2016. The primary outcome was the development of new-onset AFCS. The variables of the POAF, CHA2DS2-VASc and HATCH scores were evaluated in a multivariate regression model to determine the predictive impact. Those variables that were independently associated with AFCS were included in the final model.
Results: A total of 3113 patients underwent cardiac surgery, of which 21% presented AFCS. The variables included in the new score COM-AF were: age (≥75: 2 points, 65-74: 1 point), heart failure (2 points), female sex (1 point), hypertension (1 point), diabetes (1 point), previous stroke (2 points). For the prediction of AFCS, COM-AF presented an AUC of 0.78 (95% CI 0.76-0.80), the rest of the scores presented lower discrimination ability (P < 0.001): CHA2DS2-VASc AUC 0.76 (95% CI 0.74-0.78), POAF 0.71 (95% CI 0.69-0.73) and HATCH 0.70 (95% CI: 0, 67-0.72). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that COM-AF score was an independent predictor of AFCS: OR 1,91 (IC 95% 1,63-2,23).
Conclusion: From the combination of variables with higher predictive value included in the POAF, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HATCH scores, a new risk model system called COM-AF was created to predict AFCS, presenting a greater predictive ability than the original ones. Being necessary future prospective validations.
Lucrecia M Burgos
Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, Blanco Encalada 1543, CABA. CP1428
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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