GN Chennakeshavallu, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Saravana Babu, Sruthi Sankar, Prasanta Kumar Dash
Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Background: Assessment of myocardial deformation by quantifying peak systolic longitudinal strain (PSLS) is a sensitive and robust index to detect subclinical myocardial dysfunction. We hypothesize that sevoflurane by virtue of anesthetic preconditioning preserves myocardial function better than propofol.
Aims: The authors have assessed the effects of sevoflurane and propofol on global longitudinal strain (GLS) as a primary outcome in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Our secondary aim was to assess the pattern of regional distribution of segmental PSLS between the groups.
Materials and Methods: Fifty patients with normal left ventricular function undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were analyzed in this prospective observational study. Consecutive patients received either propofol (P) or sevoflurane (S) anesthesia.
Measurements: Trans-esophageal echocardiographic images (mid-esophageal four-chamber, two-chamber, and three-chamber (long-axis)) were recorded during the precardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and post-CPB period. Strain analysis (GLS/segmental PSLS) was done offline by investigators blinded to the study. The inotropic score, duration of inotropic support, and mechanical ventilation required were recorded.
Results: Following cardiopulmonary bypass and coronary revascularization, GLS reduced significantly in both the groups (P < 0.05). In the S-group, significant reduction in segmental strain was observed only in apical segments including apex, whereas in P-group significant reduction in segmental strain was seen in mid- and apical segments. The postoperative VIS, duration of inotropes/vasopressor required, and mechanical ventilation were similar in both the groups.
Conclusions: There are no significant differences in global left ventricular function as assessed by GLS between patients anesthetized with sevoflurane or propofol. However, regional PSLS was better preserved in the S-group compared to P-group.
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum - 695 011, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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